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  Autism Society of the Philippines

 

What is AD/HD?

  • ADHD is a common behavioral disorder that affects an estimated 5% to 10% of school-age children.
  • Boys are¬† three times more affected¬† than girls
  • Children with ADHD act without thinking, are hyperactive, and have trouble focusing.

 

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF AD/HD?

HYPERACTIVE-IMPULSIVE TYPE

  • fidgeting or squirming
  • excessive running or climbing
  • difficulty remaining seated
  • always seeming to be "on the go"
  • difficulty playing quietly
  • excessive talking
  • blurting out answers before hearing the full question
  • difficulty waiting for a turn or in line
  • problems with interrupting or intruding

INATTENTIVE TYPE

  • distractibility
  • inability to pay attention to details or a tendency to make careless errors in schoolwork or other activities
  • difficulty with sustained attention in tasks or play activities
  • difficulty following instructions
  • avoidance or dislike of tasks that require mental effort
  • problems with organization
  • tendency to lose things like toys, notebooks, or homework
  • forgetfulness in daily activities

COMBINED TYPE

  • involves a combination of the other two types and is the most common

WHAT CAUSES AD/HD?

  • ADHD is not caused by poor parenting, too much sugar, or vaccines.
  • Experts have found that certain areas of the brain are about 5% to 10% smaller in size and activity in children with ADHD.
  • ADHD has biological origins that aren't yet clearly understood.
  • Recent research also links smoking/alcoholism during pregnancy to later ADHD in a child.
  • Other risk factors may include premature delivery, very low birth weight, and injuries to the brain at birth.
  • Some studies have even suggested a link between excessive early television watching and future attention problems.

WHAT ARE SOME RELATED PROBLEMS?

  • Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) and Conduct Disorder (CD)
  • Mood Disorders (such as depression)
  • Anxiety Disorders
  • Learning Disabilities

HOW IS AD/HD DIAGNOSED?

  • a child must display behaviors from one of the three subtypes before age 7
  • these behaviors must be more severe than in other kids the same age
  • the behaviors must last for at least 6 months
  • the behaviors must occur in and negatively affect at least two areas of a child's life (such as school, home, day-care settings, or friendships)
  • The behaviors must also not be linked to stress, depression, or anxiety at home.

How Is AD/HD Treated?

  • Medications
  • Stimulants
  • Nonstimulants
  • Antidepressants
  • Behavioral Therapy

See Autism

RESEARCH
Effects of Modified Milieu Therapy Intervention on the Social Communicative Behaviors of Young Children with Autism
Methylphenidate Treatment of an Adult Aspergers Syndrome and a Comorbid ADHD
Gastrointestinal Symptoms in a Sample of Children with PDD
NEWS
Suggestions for Helping Teens with Autism Transition to Adulthood
Legos May Help Facilitate Communication in Kids with Autism
Toy Suggestions for Kids with Autism
Mom of Child with Autism Shares Haircut Adventures

 

 

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     No. 19-A
     Buenconsejo St.
     Plainview
     Mandaluyong City
     Philippines
    

      
Tel. 477-4380

 
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