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Therapist- and Self-monitored DRO Contingencies as a Treatment for the Self-injurious Skin Picking of a Young Man with Asperger Syndrome

Authored by Tiger, JH, Fisher WW, and Bouxsein KJ in Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, Volume 42, Issue 2, p. 315-319, (2009).

Article summary (posted Jul 6, 2010):

Source: http://autism.healingthresholds.com

Applied behavior analysis (ABA) may be helpful in decreasing self-injurious skin picking in people with autism.

Differential reinforcement of other behavior (DRO) is an ABA technique that involves a reward if the child does not do the behavior in question (in this case skin picking) during a certain period of time. The purpose of this case study was to see if DRO could help to reduce skin picking of a 19-year-old young man who had been diagnosed with Asperger syndrome. At the start of the study, the young man engaged in skin picking 56.3% of the time during sessions. He was able to decrease his skin picking and he was able to do so when he was being watched by a therapist and when he was alone. The authors noted that this is just a case study and it is hard to see if this approach will also work for other people.

Links:

You can access the original abstract and the complete paper is sometimes available for free via Google Scholar (look for entries that say "PDF").

 

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